What are the steps to configure a RAID 10 array on a Synology DS1621+ for maximum redundancy and performance?

12 June 2024

The Synology DS1621+ is a powerful NAS (Network Attached Storage) system that offers high storage capacity, excellent performance, and robust data protection. Configuring a RAID 10 array on this device not only enhances redundancy but also optimizes performance. This article will guide you through the comprehensive steps to set up a RAID 10 array on your Synology DS1621+ to ensure maximum efficiency and security.

Before diving into the setup process, it is crucial to understand what the Synology DS1621+ and RAID 10 offer. The Synology DS1621+ is a versatile NAS device equipped with multiple drive bays, USB ports, and a PCIe slot for additional expansion. It runs on Synology’s DSM (DiskStation Manager) operating system, providing a seamless user experience.

RAID 10 (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) combines the benefits of RAID 1 (mirroring) and RAID 0 (striping). This configuration requires a minimum of four hard drives, offering both data redundancy and improved read/write speeds. It’s an excellent choice for those who prioritize data protection and performance.

Preparing Your Synology DS1621+ for RAID 10 Setup

Preparation is key to a successful RAID 10 configuration. Here’s how to get started.

Choosing the Right Hard Drives

Select high-quality hard drives compatible with the Synology DS1621+. Drives like the IronWolf Pro are recommended due to their reliability and performance. Ensure all drives are of the same size and type to avoid any compatibility issues.

Installing the Hard Drives

  1. Power off the Synology DS1621+ and disconnect all cables.
  2. Remove the drive trays from the drive bays.
  3. Insert each hard drive into a tray and secure it using the provided screws.
  4. Slide the trays back into the Synology DS1621+ and ensure they are securely in place.

Connecting Your Synology NAS

  1. Connect the NAS to your network using an Ethernet cable.
  2. Plug in the power adapter and turn on the device.
  3. Use the USB ports for any additional peripherals if necessary.

Initializing the Synology DS1621+

With the hard drives installed and the NAS connected, it’s time to initialize the system.

Accessing DSM

Using a computer connected to the same network, open a web browser and navigate to find.synology.com. This will direct you to the DiskStation Manager (DSM) installation page.

Installing DSM

Follow the on-screen instructions to install the DSM operating system. This process may take a few minutes. Once completed, create an administrator account to manage your Synology NAS.

Update DSM

Ensure your DSM is up-to-date by checking for any updates in the Control Panel. Keeping the operating system current is crucial for security and performance.

Creating a Storage Pool and Volume

With DSM set up, the next step is to create a Storage Pool and volume for your RAID 10 array.

Creating a Storage Pool

  1. Open the Storage Manager in DSM.
  2. Click on the “Storage Pool” tab and then “Create”.
  3. Select “Custom” and choose RAID 10 as the RAID type.
  4. Add the hard drives you installed earlier to the storage pool.
  5. Follow the prompts to complete the creation process.

Creating a Volume

  1. Go to the “Volume” tab within Storage Manager.
  2. Click “Create” and select the newly created storage pool.
  3. Choose the file system format, typically Btrfs or ext4.
  4. Complete the volume creation process by following the prompts.

Configuring Shared Folders and User Access

After setting up the storage pool and volume, it’s vital to configure shared folders and user access to organize and protect your data.

Creating Shared Folders

  1. Open File Station in DSM.
  2. Click on “Create” and select “Create New Shared Folder”.
  3. Name the folder and set the appropriate permissions.
  4. Choose the volume where the folder will reside and complete the setup.

Setting Up User Accounts

  1. Navigate to the Control Panel and select “User”.
  2. Click “Create” to add new user accounts.
  3. Assign access permissions to the shared folders created earlier.
  4. Configure additional settings as required, such as storage quotas.

Optimizing Performance and Redundancy

To make the most out of your RAID 10 array, optimizing both performance and redundancy is crucial.

Enabling Disk Health Monitoring

  1. Go to Storage Manager and select “HDD/SSD”.
  2. Enable S.M.A.R.T. tests and set up regular health checks.
  3. Configure notifications for any disk issues to ensure immediate action can be taken.

Configuring Network Settings

  1. In Control Panel, navigate to “Network”.
  2. Set up Link Aggregation if your network supports it, combining multiple network interfaces for increased throughput.
  3. Ensure your NAS has a static IP address for consistent network access.

Implementing Data Backup Strategies

  1. Utilize Synology’s Hyper Backup to create regular backups of your data.
  2. Store backups on external drives connected via USB ports or another Synology NAS for added security.

Configuring a RAID 10 array on the Synology DS1621+ involves several steps, from preparing your hardware to optimizing your system settings. By following this guide, you can ensure that your NAS will deliver maximum redundancy and enhanced performance. Keep your system updated, monitor your drives, and implement strong data backup strategies to maintain a robust and efficient storage environment.

With these measures in place, your data will be well-protected, and your system will run smoothly, providing you with reliable and high-speed access to your stored information. As technology evolves, staying informed and proactive about your storage solutions will enable you to adapt and thrive in an increasingly data-driven world.

Copyright 2024. All Rights Reserved